Allein Gott in der Höh sei Ehr, from Kirnbergers Collection, BWV711

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Sacred music. Chorale Prelude. Walther, not JSB. Vocal Music. Character Piece. Bach; incomplete. Andante, for keyboard in G minor, BWV doubtful. Aria, for organ in F major, BWV doubtful. Auf meinen lieben Gott, chorale prelude for organ, BWV deest doubtful. Auf, auf!

Bach, not JSB. Brandenburg Concerto No. Concerto Grosso. Miscellaneous Classical. Canon concordia discors, for 2 unspecified instruments or keyboard in D major, BWV Canon trias harmonica, for 8 unspecified instruments or keyboard in D major, BWV Canone doppio sopr' il soggetto, canon for 3 unspecified instruments or keyboard in G major, BWV Cantata No. Solo Cantata. Choral Cantata. Erchallet, Trompeten! Fischer, not J. Ciacona, for keyboard No. Concerto for 2 harpsichords in C major, BWV a. Concerto: Double. Concerto: Triple. Concerto for solo keyboard No.

Concerto for solo organ No. Concerto for solo organ [No. Concertos 6 for solo organ, BWV Denket doch, ihr Menschenkinder, chorale setting for 4 voices, BWV Chamber Music. His uncles were all professional musicians, whose posts included church organists, court chamber musicians, composers.


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One uncle, Johann Christoph Bach, introduced him to the organ, an older second cousin, Johann Ludwig Bach , was a well-known composer and violinist. Bach's mother died in , his father died eight months later; the year-old Bach moved in with his eldest brother, Johann Christoph Bach , the organist at St. There he studied and copied music, including his own brother's, despite being forbidden to do so because scores were so valuable and private, blank ledger paper of that type was costly, he received valuable teaching from his brother.

Bach exposed him to the works of great composers of the day, including South German composers such as Johann Pachelbel and Johann Jakob Froberger. During this time, he was taught theology , Greek and Italian at the local gymnasium. By 3 April , Bach and his schoolfriend Georg Erdmann—who was two years Bach's elder—were enrolled in the prestigious St.

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No autograph of BWV survives; the earliest extant manuscript copies of the piece originated in the s. This copy originated around — According to George B. Stauffer , Bach composed this version between and c. Jean-Claude Zehnder supposes that this version of the piece was composed in Bach's early Weimar years, while he mentions Siegbert Rampe's contention that it may have been composed somewhat later; the earliest extant copies of Bach's revised version date from the s.

These manuscripts carry the title Piece d'Orgue.

A lost manuscript, which served for the publication of the piece in , according to Peter Williams titled Fantasia. Philipp Spitta , naming the work Fantasia in the first volume of his Bach-biography , considered it more Buxtehude-like than any other composition by Bach; the Bach Gesellschaft published the piece as Fantasie in A century the New Bach Edition returned to the name found in the early manuscripts, i. Breitkopf's 21st-century new Urtext edition uses this name for BWV Most printed editions entitle it a Fantasia, but there is little suggestion of improvisation in the main, central movement.

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Many recitalists refer to it in their programmes as "Piece d'Orgue", its title in all the contemporary copies; the work could more be described as a toccata , since it shares in the tradition of sectional toccatas. With a central contrapuntal section, surrounded by a toccata-like framework. The piece starts in compound quadruple meter.

This movement is dynamic and cheerful, features complete absence of the pedal; the broken chords shared between left and right hand do not seem to have a parallel in any work by another composer, though Williams notes a similarity in the "idea of running semiquavers for hands followed by a sustained durezza passage with pedals" with a prelude by Christian Friedrich Witt. The youthful vigor and digital dexterity of the opening movement leads to a broken tonic pedal point, which transitions to the contrapuntal central section which features five voices.

In contrast to the first movement, it employs the entire range of the instrument; the dense texture of the movement makes it more idiomatic for the instrument and more typical for Bach. The movement uses long held chords with many suspensions to great effect, an idiom which Bach employed with relative frequency in his mature works; the contrapuntal section fails to resolve back to its key chord, instead leads into a coda which shows close similarities to the final line of BWV , Bach's Toccata and Fugue in D minor.

OLD SWEDISH ORGANS

Despite his early death he is remembered as a collector and commissioner of music and as a composer, some of whose concertos were arranged for harpsichord or organ by Johann Sebastian Bach , court organist in Weimar at the time. Eilenstein, a court musician, he studied at the University of Utrecht between February and July It is thought. In particular, it is thought that he might have encountered Vivaldi's opus 3 set of violin concertos; the prince's interest in collecting music was sufficiently well known that P. On his return from university, Johann Ernst took lessons in composition with a focus on concertos from the local church organist Johann Gottfried Walther , a cousin of Bach.

Walther had given the prince keyboard lessons and had given him his Praecepta der musikalischen Composition as a twelfth birthday present. During his life, Walther transcribed seventy-eight concertos for keyboard. Bach produced a number of virtuoso organ and harpsichord arrangements; these included some of the prince's own works as well as works by German and Italian composers, including Georg Philipp Telemann and Vivaldi.

The Bach transcriptions were created during the period July —July between Johann Ernst's return from Utrecht and the prince's final departure from Weimar. There is some scholarly debate on Johann Ernst's role in the creation of these arrangements, whether he commissioned some from one or both of the musicians or whether Bach, in particular, was studying some of the works collected by the prince for their own sake. There are suggestions that on a visit to Amsterdam in February the Prince may have heard the blind organist J.

In any case, Bach's encounter with the prince's collection, the Italian music it contained, had a profound influence on the development of the composer's musical style; as well as influencing Bach, Johann Ernst completed at least nineteen instrumental works of his own before his death at age eighteen. These works show the influence of Italian music more than that of German models such as Bach. Johann Ernst died in Frankfurt after a long illness resulting from a leg infection a metastatic sarcoma , despite the intensive care of his heart-broken mother and medical treatments in Schwalbach, spread to the abdominal area, he was buried, not in Weimar, but in Homburg in the vault of his mother's family, the Landgraves of Hesse-Homburg.

A period of mourning was declared in Weimar from 11 August to 9 November Music was banned, including in church, resulting in an interruption in Bach's attempt to build an annual cycle of cantatas. Following his death, six of the prince's concertos were sent to Telemann, who edited and published them in , he himself had started to have them set before his death.

Telemann's own first publication, a set of six violin sonatas, had been dedicated to Johann Ernst.

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According to Walther's Lexicon, published in , Johann Ernst composed 19 instrumental pieces in a period of nine months, shortly before his death, when Walther was teaching him composition. Eight violin concertos are extant in their original instrumentation. Bach transcribed the Concerto a 8 in G major. Another concerto by Johann Ernst is only known through Bach's transcriptions in C major. No original has been identified for BWV it was transcribed by Bach from a concerto by Johann Ernst; the model for BWV is lost: in this case a possible attribution of the lost original to Johann Ernst is uncertain.

Violin Concerto in B-flat major, Op. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: Organ Sonatas Bach. Main article: Organ concerto Bach. Main article: Great Eighteen Chorale Preludes. See also: Neumeister Collection. Preface in English and German. December Compositions for organ , keyboard and lute by Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach Notebook A. Bach Twelve Little Preludes. Johann Sebastian Bach. Thomas Church, Leipzig. Revision History. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Each of the sonatas has three movements, with three independent parts in the two manuals and obbligato pedal.

Autograph manuscript of first page of last movement of organ sonata 5, BWV Covering page for the autograph manuscript of the organ sonatas, written some years later by the musician Georg Poelchau. Silbermann Organ — in the Sophienkirche , where Wilhelm Friedemann Bach became organist in Sophienkirche , Dresden, A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body. More specifically, the term "lute" can refer to an instrument from the family of European lutes.

Ancient Egyptian tomb painting depicting players with long-necked lutes, 18th Dynasty c. Hellenistic banquet scene from 1st century A.